With all the obviousness that has just been unavailable to television viewers, it becomes obvious that the coming third decade of the 21st century will be a turning point for the transport and energy industry, and all over the world. Decarbonization of transport in all its segments (from cars to airplanes), and electric power generation is no longer just a fashion, it is a trend brought to the level of government strategies in many countries. Just yesterday I was talking about the plan. «
Russia has long been labeled as an «energy superpower.» This is justified in principle. We have lost the level of aircraft construction, which was under the USSR, also in the automotive industry, and now in the field of space commerce, the Russian «Roskosmos» has been pushed not by anyone, but by the private space company of Ilona Mask SpaceX. The only place where Russia remains in one of the leading positions is the export of energy resources — oil, gas, coal … In all directions from Russia, there are certain pipelines, the contents of which bring considerable income to the country’s budget. But, as you know, it won’t last long. Electric mobilization and renewable energy will inexorably, year after year, reduce the need for hydrocarbon raw materials and their products, and, consequently, budget revenues. The question «Who is to blame?» not relevant and meaningless. It is senseless in the same way as more than a hundred years ago the anger of the owners and breeders of horses, because of the advent of the era of cars, was senseless. It is necessary to answer the question «What to do?» Our Chinese neighbors and partners are telling us the answer to this question.
At the end of November, Han Zheng, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Premier of the State Council and Chairman of the Sino-Russian Committee on Energy Cooperation in Beijing, together with Deputy Prime Minister of Russia and Chairman of the Committee Alexander Novak held the 17th meetings of the Sino-Russian Energy Cooperation Committee.
In the official documents of both sides, there are many complementary words in relation to each other, but this is all «water». We must pay attention to the essence.
As for the definitions and conclusions on the outcome of this meeting from the Russian side, then
On November 22, Xi Jinping delivered the Guardian Earth speech at the G20 Leaders’ Online Summit. In his speech, he focused on the following points:
Drawing a conclusion from all of the above, we can say that Russia may well remain in the status of an energy superpower in the new «electrified» world, only the nomenclature of exports will change aside — gas, electricity, and hydrogen.
According to the calculations of analysts of the International Energy Agency (IEA), whose data were announced on November 25 by IEA director Fatih Birol at a meeting with the Norwegian National Oil Company (Equinor) and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, in the next ten years, global demand for hydrogen will grow 100 times, and the number of electric vehicles will increase at least 20 times. Fatih Birol also noted that it is possible to use existing infrastructure such as natural gas pipelines to support the production of low carbon hydrogen.
Hydrogen will become the most demanded resource in the future energy market. Trucks, ships, railway locomotives will be refueled with it, it will be used to generate electricity at thermal power plants, and in the housing stock. Naturally, the largest consumers of this new type of fuel will be China, India (and the countries of Southeast Asia), the European Union, and the United States.
Hydrogen and ready-made electricity will help Russia stay afloat in the future. And if we are not among the leaders in electromobility, then at least (as a country) we will be in demand on the world market as the same supplier of energy resources. But this is only if our corresponding capacities begin to develop on time.
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